Raffi G, Author at Facets Gems

Round Brilliant Cut Wedding Ring

Round brilliant Cut Diamond Explained

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Round Brilliant-cut Diamond Explained

Over 100 years ago a Russian mathematician set out to cut the “ideal” diamond, and what he ended up creating was the Round Brilliant-cut diamond. The Round Brilliant is now probably the most popular diamond in the world, representing about 75% of all diamonds sold. They tend to cost more because the demand for them is so high and the yield (the amount of diamond left after cutting) is so low. The mathematician’s work seems to have paid off.

Round Brilliant Cut Diamond Explained in shape, appearance, and cut rating. The Brilliant cut is cone-shaped and has what is called a “brilliant-cut” because it is cut with 58 facets, maximizing its brilliance, fire and scintillation (brilliant-cut does not mean the diamond has a higher IQ than other diamonds).

The Round Brilliant is not only popular but also versatile. You can be flexible with the cut, color and clarity grades of the diamond to fit your budget without really sacrificing fire and brilliance.

Most recommend a cut rating of Excellent or Very good and at the very least Good if on a budget. When it comes to color, don’t stress too much about getting it colorless, some people ever prefer the warmer “lower” colors. For clarity just go by the GIA’s guide.

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Princess Diamond

The Princess diamond is the next-most popular diamond cut next to the Round Brilliant cut diamond. The shape is more square or rectangular and looks like an upside down pyramid with rounded corners. Though it is often compared to the Round Brilliant as the “square modified brilliant” the two are completely different from one another, aside from similar brilliance in look and shine.

The upside is that Princess diamonds tend to have a lower price tag than the Round Brilliants of the same carat weight because the Princess’s yield is much, much higher than the round brilliant cut.

In terms of recommendations, you need to be a little more careful with picking the color than you would with the Round Brilliant because it isn’t as superior at hiding the true color as the Round Brilliant is. Many recommend at least an H Color or I color for the best value, and nothing below J color. For clarity, just be careful if the inclusion is on any of the diamond’s corners because that will make it more prone to chipping. Finally, the cut, for this diamond is a little tricky because the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) does not grade the cut of this diamond. They don’t find enough consensuses in the industry to make an objective grade. If you need other opinions to cross reference, the Accredited Gem Appraisers (AGA), American Gem Society Laboratory (AGSL) and European Gem Laboratories-USA (EGL-USA) do offer cut grades.

different carat diamonds

How to Pick The Perfect Diamond

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We wrote this guide to teach you how to pick the perfect diamond. You can’t understand diamonds or how they’re priced without first understanding The 4 C’s. Jewelers grade and price diamonds based on four essential characteristics: Cut, Clarity, Color, Carat. Each of these has a universally used grading scale determined by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA).

1. Cut:

The cut is all about how the diamond reflects light — it’s what makes a diamonds really flash and sparkle. A diamond with a good cut will bounce light multiple times on the angles in its interior and reflect more light back to the observer’s eye. The terms used to describe a diamond’s cut are brightness (how much light is reflected from a diamond internally and externally), fire (when rainbow-colored light scatters off the diamond) and scintillation (how much the diamond sparkles and whether any light and dark patterns are caused by the reflections).

Cut is graded on a GIA Cut Scale of Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair and Poor.

2. Clarity:

Diamonds, like people, all tend to come with some flaws. The price of your diamond partly depends on how many flaws it has, and there are two types of flaws: “inclusions” and “blemishes”. Inclusions are internal flaws — things like cracks, air pockets or dark spots. Blemishes are external flaws — things like scratches and chips. Intuitively, diamonds with no or few inclusions and blemishes are priced higher because they are more rare. Clarity is graded by looking at the diamond under 10x magnification. Grades range from:

F (Flawless)

IF (Internally Flawless)

VVS (Very Very Slightly Included, with two grade levels, VVS1 and VVS2)

VS1-VS2 (Very Slightly Included)

SI1-SI2 (Slightly Included)

All levels from F-SI have slight inclusions that are only visible under 10x magnification, meaning the flaws aren’t really visible to the human eye.

3. Color:

Diamonds that have no color, allow more light to pass through it like clear class. These are more desirable and thus more highly priced. GIA uses a D through Z alphabet scale to grade colorlessness in diamonds, starting with D (for colorless) and increasing in color content until Z (color). D-F are colorless, G-J are near colorless, K-M are faint yellow, N-R are very light yellow, and S-X are light yellow. Diamonds between G and I will virtually show no color to the naked eye, are thus priced higher. J-M will have be very, very faintly yellow and the color can actually be minimized depending on the jewelry the diamond is mounted on.

4. Carat Weight

This is probably the one most people know even if they know nothing else about diamonds. Carat is a unit of measurement used to weight diamonds, 1 carat = 0.2 grams. The larger the carat the larger the diamond, which more rare and more expensive.

different carat diamonds

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Gold Prices Slowly Rise After Detroit Declared Bankruptcy

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Gold prices have taken a hit in recent months, but are starting to make gains again. Prices improved by more than 1% in the last week to close out at the highest level in months, according to MarketWatch.

The gains are tied to the slight hit the US dollar took this week amidst Detroit’s declared bankruptcy (the largest municipal bankruptcy filed in US history) and other factors. This is because international gold prices are usually based in dollars: when the dollar takes a hit, gold becomes less expensive and that encourages more buying.

Possibly supporting gold’s slowly improving prices are recent statements from the US Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke. The US Fed currently makes $85 billion worth of bond purchases every month (also known as quantitative easing) which traditionally helps gold prices. Although rumors of an improving US economy raised fears that the Fed would be pulling back on stimulus spending, Bernanke said it was too soon to tell whether the bank will be slowing spending. This is generally being viewed as a good sign for metal prices.

In the long term though, if you’re thinking of investing in gold, some say that it may not yet be the right time. Many factors affect the price of gold, so a ‘wait and see’ approach may be best for now, especially depending on how well the US economy does.

If you enjoyed reading, Gold Prices Slowly Rise After Detroit Declared Bankruptcy. Take a moment to read our other blog post about Cushion Cut Diamonds.

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